SPCM 212
Review For the Final Exam

Using the textbook and lecture notes to answer the questions below, studying the terms and concepts below and practicing with the sample questions here and at the end of the chapters listed below as well as looking at the materials available on the CD-ROM will help prepare you for the test.

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1. Chapter 1

2. Chapter 4
3. Chapter 5
4. Chapter 7
5. Chapter 8 6. Chapter 9 7. Chapter 10
8. Chapter 11 9. Chapter 12 10. Chapter 17


 Sample Final Exam Questions
(Another valuable resource for study support is the study questions for each chapter available on the CD-ROM.)

1. Regardless of the type of speech, the last sentence in your introduction will almost always
a. be brief
b. reveal the topic
c. be a preview
d. gain attention and interest
e. establish your credibility
2. Below are three main points and two sub-points from a speech on a question of policy.  Which is the third main point?
a.  There are several major causes of the problem of unreliable 911 operation.
b.  When calls do get through, operators do not always send help promptly.
c.  The growing unreliability of the 911 emergency system is a serious problem.
d.  Recent studies show that in some locations many 911 calls never get through.
e.  An effective solution would involve upgrading both technology and operator training.
3. Someone coughing in the audience or walking in late during a presentation are examples of what part of the communication model?

A. channel
B. message
C. feedback
D. interference
E. extraneous behaviors

4. Gestures and visual aids are examples of what part of the communication model?

A. channel B. message C. feedback D. interference E. extraneous behaviors

5. I. The first step in making a cake is to gather all of the ingredients.
    II. Next you mix the ingredients.
    III.  The third step in making a cake is to bake until it is done.
    IV. Then ice it.

A speech with the above main points is following which pattern of organization?

A. topical
B. causal
C.spatial
D. process
E. chronological

[note too how the cake example violates a rule for stating main points: use of parallel language!]

6. The textbook suggests that when delivering a speech to an audience in the United States you should

A. Look at your instructor most of the time.
B. Keep your eyes focused on a spot on the back of the wall.
C. Look at the audience 80 to 90 percent of the time.
D. Look at your notes only about half the time.
E. Pretend you are speaking in an empty room.

7. "I am currently studying veterinary medicine, and I am working part-time at an animal clinic." This statement in the introduction of the speech could best be described as

A. gaining attention
B. revealing the topic
C. establishing credibility
D. bragging
E. previewing the body of the speech

8. "You now know that the three steps in making a cake are gathering the materials, mixing the batter, and baking the cake."
This statement in the conclusion of a speech could best be described as

A. signaling the end of the speech
B. a dissolve ending
C a crescendo ending
D. reinforcement of the central idea
E. a speech preview

9. A speaker who frequently says "um," "er," or "uh" is failing to make effective use of

A. speaking rate.
B. inflection
C. vocabulary
D. vocal pitch
E. pauses

10. "He had a broad face and a little round belly, that shook when he laughed like a bowlful of jelly."  This is an example of

a. simile
b. metaphor
c. antithesis
d. parallelism
e. repetition
11.  "My fright-flick fanaticism was taking a toll on my everyday life."  This is an example of
a. simile
b. metaphor
c. alliteration
d. parallelism
e. repetition
12.  In the "My Grandfather" text in the workbook the speaker uses which language strategy to introduce each main point in the body? [hint: "He didn't just speak of . . . .]
a. simile
b. metaphor
c. antithesis
d. alliteration
e. repetition
13. In a special occasion speech we use a strategy of "identification" in order to
a. be clear about the subject and what they did to deserve praise
b. reinforce our community by showing how the subject of the speech can have an impact on us.
c. identify the people we are praising in the speech
d. make the subject larger than life
e. to isolate the situated subject of the discourse
Here is a set of main points answer the questions below using this set of points:

I. Johnny Appleseed shows us the spirit of dedication.
II. Johnny Appleseed shows us the spirit of hard-work
III. Johnny Appleseed shows us the spirit of productivity.

14. The main goal of this speech is to:
a. entertain the audience with stories of Johnny Appleseed's exploits.
b. persuade the audience to follow in the footsteps of Johnny Appleseed.
c. inform the audience about the work of Johnny Appleseed.
d. inspire the audience to honor the values of Johnny Appleseed.
e. demonstrate the speaker's admiration and knowledge about Johnny Appleseed.

15. The pattern or organization used in this speech is best identified as

a. problem-solution
b. problem-cause-solution
c. topical
d. Motivational
e. causal

16. We've talked about his hard work, but let's turn now to consider the payoff for that work, his productivity." This connective from between the second and third main points is an example of

a. a signpost
b. an internal summary
c. an internal preview
d. a causal connective
e. a transition

Can you Identify the stylistic device used in the examples below?

17. “ We hit an iceberg.  The question is, Do we retain the captain of the Titanic?”

  Rep. Steve Largent early in his effort to challenge Newt Gingrich.

18. “But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate--we cannot consecrate--we cannot hallow this ground.”
  Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address.

19. “You ask, what is our aim?  I can answer in one word.  It is victory.  Victory at all costs--victory in spite of all terrors--victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory, there is no survival.”
  Winston Churchill

20. “In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check.  When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir.”
  Martin Luther King, Jr., “I Have a Dream”

21.  “We may not be able to shape the world for our children, but we can shape our children for the world.”

22. “Watching the wondrous waterfall filled us with wonder.”

23.  “The drums sounded like distant thunder and the harp like falling water.”

24. “We can extend opportunity to all Americans or leave many behind.  We can erase lines of inequity or etch them indelibly.  We can accelerate the most powerful engine of growth and opportunity the world has ever known, or allow the engine to stall.”
                   Bill Clinton, Commencement Address at MIT, 1998

 

  

Answers to Multiple Choice Practice Questions

1. c. be a preview
2. e.  An effective solution would involve upgrading both technology and operator training.

The unscrambled outline should look like this:
I. The growing unreliability of the 911 emergency system is a serious problem.
II. Recent studies show that in some locations many 911 calls never get through.
    A. When calls do get through, operators do not always send help promptly.
    B. There are several major causes of the problem of unreliable 911 operation.
III. An effective solution would involve upgrading both technology and operator training.

3. D. Interference
4. B. Message
5. e. Chronological
6. C. Look at the audience 80 to 90 percent of the time.
7. C. establishing credibility
8. D. reinforcement of the central idea
9. E. pauses
10. a. simile
11. c. alliteration
12. e. repetition
13. b. reinforce our community by showing how the subject of the speech can have an impact on us.
14. d. inspire the audience to honor the values of Johnny Appleseed.
 15. c. topical
16. e. a transition

Here are the answers to stylistic devices questions.

17. metaphor

18. parallelism is first and foremost; there is also repetition, and a touch of alliteration.

19. repetition

20. metaphor--the text has a metaphor in almost every sentence!

21. antithesis

22. alliteration

23. simile

24. repetition and some antithesis.  The last sentence includes a metaphor.




*OPTION: Contact your lab instructor if you need to make special arrangements for the exam; those with the Friday exam may come to the special exam session scheduled for Wednesday, December 12 from 12 - 2:00 p.m. in room 305 Carver Hall. Seating will be available on a first come first served basis. We will explore options for overflow seating if that becomes necessary.


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